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A

Abscess - is a localized inflammation in the body tissues that is filled with pus.

Acne - is an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne can show up as any of the following: congested pores, whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, pustules, or cysts (deep pimples) and can be followed by scarring.

Acrochordon - syn. skin tag, soft wart, cutaneous papilloma . It is a common harmless skin growth frequently found on the eyelids, neck, chest, armpits, and groin.

Albinism - is a rare, inherited disorder characterized by a total or partial lack of skin pigment (melanin) in the skin..

Alopecia - syn. baldness.

Angioma - is a benign tumor in the skin consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels.

Antibody - is a protein substance in the blood produced by the immune system or tissues in response to a specific antigen that destroys or weakens bacteria and neutralizes organic poisons, thus forming the basis of immunity.

Antigen - is any of various substances that are foreign to the body and, when introduced into the body, stimulate production of antibodies. Antigens include protein or polysaccharide such as bacteria, bacterial toxins, viruses, foreign blood cells, and the cells of transplanted organs.

Atopic dermatitis - syn. eczema. Is a skin disorder that is characterized by intense itching, scaling, thickening of the skin, occurring in individuals predisposed to developing certain hypersensitivity reactions. It is usually located on the face, elbows, knees, and arms.

Atrophic skin - thin and wrinkled skin.


B

Basal cell - is a type of cell found in the deepest layer of the epithelium.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) - syn. basal cell epithelioma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer in humans. There are several forms of BCC: nodular, cystic, pigmented, sclerosing/cicratising and superficial. All of them are more likely to occur on areas of the body that have had high cumulative sunlight exposure.

Benign - is any condition which, untreated or with symptomatic therapy, will not become dangerous to health, is not recurrent or progressive.

Benign tumor - is a tumor that in majority of cases is not life-threatening, it does not invade surrounding tissues and does not metastasize to other parts of the body.

Birthmark - is a mole or blemish on the skin formed before birth. They are part of the group of skin lesions known as naevi.

Bed sores - is a chronic ulcer of the skin induced by prolonged pressure on it (as in bedridden patients)


C

Carbuncle - is an abscess with one or more openings draining pus onto the skin, usually caused by bacterial infection.


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